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THE SERPENT IN EGYPT AND IN THE BIBLE: EVIL, POWER, AND HEALING

By Marcia Montenegro (page 5 of 5)

FOOTNOTES:

1The software program Gramcord lists Strong's number 8314, saraph, for Numbers 21:6; the New Strong's Concordance lists Strong's number 5175, nahash, for Numbers 21:6 (Nashville: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1995), 1249.

2R. Laird Harris, ed., Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament, 2 vols. (Chicago: Moody Press, 1980), 2:571.

3Charles F. Pfeiffer and Everett F. Harrison, eds., The Wycliffe Bible Commentary (Chicago: Moody Press, 1990), 7, 46.

4Walter C. Kaiser, Jr., "Exodus," in The Expositor's Bible Commentary, vol. 2, ed. Frank E. Gaebelein, (Grand Rapids: The Zondervan Corporation, 1990), 347; Theological Wordbook, 2:976.

5Theological Wordbook, 2:976.

6John D. Currid, Ancient Egypt and the Old Testament (Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 1997), 117; Theological Wordbook, 2:976.

7Currid, 146.

8Currid, 147.

9The Wycliffe Bible Commentary, 139.

10Herbert Lockyer, Sr., ed., Nelson's Illustrated Bible Dictionary (Nashville: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1986), 63; Merrill F. Unger, The New Unger's Bible Dictionary, revised and updated, ed. R. K. Harrison (Chicago: Moody Press, 1988), 1161.

11Currid, 147.

12Nelson's Illustrated Bible Dictionary, 63.

13Currid, 147.

14NET Bible, (np.: Biblical Studies Press, 2001), 354, note no. 16; Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament, 2:571.

15Ronald B. Allen, "Numbers," in The Expositor's Bible Commentary, vol. 2, ed. Frank E. Gaebelein, (Grand Rapids: The Zondervan Corporation, 1990), 879.

16Theological Wordbook, 1:239; Merrill C. Tenney, ed., The Zondervan Pictorial Encyclopedia of the Bible, 5 vols. (Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, 1975), 5:356.

17Allen, 879.

18Currid, 155.

19Ed Mircea Eliade, ed., The Encyclopedia of Religion, 16 vols. (NY: Macmillan Publishing Co., 1987), 5:37-38.

20Nelson's Illustrated Bible Dictionary, 327; Holman Bible Dictionary, 402-403; E. A. Wallis Budge, The Egyptian Book of the Dead, trans. E. A. Wallis Budge (New York: Dover Publications, Inc., 1967), xcvi-xcv; The Encyclopedia Americana, International Edition, 30 vols. (Danbury, CT: Grolier Inc., 1988), 3:43.

21Nelson's Illustrated Bible Dictionary, 327, 433; Edward M. Blaiklock and R. K. Harrison, eds., The New International Dictionary of Biblical Archeology (Grand Rapids: The Zondervan Corporation, 1983), 172 .

22Eliade, 5:48; Encyclopedic Dictionary of Religion, 3263.

23Encyclopedic Dictionary of Religion, 846; Biedermann, 362.

24Cooper, 146-148.

25Ibid.; Currid, 89.

26Currid, 148; Hans Biedermann, Dictionary of Symbolism (NY, NY: Meridian, 1994), 311.

27Cooper, 149.

28Currid, 91.

29Chevalier and Gheerbrant, 851.

30Eliade, 5:49; Currid, 87 .

31Encyclopedic Dictionary of Religion, 3263.

32Chevalier and Gheerbrant, 849; Currid, 148.

33Currid, 88.

34Encyclopedic Dictionary of Religion, 3263.

35Jordan, 180.

36Ibid., 220.

37Ibid., 219-220; Nelson's Illustrated Bible Dictionary, 433.

38Jordan, 15, 219-220.

39Ibid., 220.

40Currid, 89; The Encyclopedia Americana, 25:101.

41Eliade, 5:49; Jordan, 220, 286.

42Currid, 91.

43Jordan, 132.

44Budge, cxxi.

45Jordan, 220.

46Budge, cxxii.

47Jordan, 95, 107.

48Eliade, 1:244.

49Ibid., 5:49-50.

50Ibid., 5:50.

51Ibid., 5:59.

52Currid, 98.

53Eliade, 5:38, 50, 51.

54Currid, 95; Nelson's Illustrated Bible Dictionary, 779.

55Currid, 95.

56Ibid, 84.

57Walter C. Kaiser, Jr., "Exodus," in The Expositor's Bible Commentary, vol. 2, ed. Frank E. Gaebelein, (Grand Rapids: The Zondervan Corporation, 1990), 347.

58Ibid., 347; Currid, 95; The Zondervan Pictorial Encyclopedia of the Bible, 5:357.

59Unger, The New Unger's Bible Dictionary, 77.

60Encyclopedia Americana, 25:100.

61The Wycliffe Bible Commentary, 6-7; John H. Sailhamer, "Genesis," in The Expositor's Bible Commentary, vol. 2, ed. Frank E. Gaebelein (Grand Rapids: The Zondervan Corporation, 1990), 50.

62NET Bible, 30, note no. 7; The Wycliffe Bible Commentary, 6-7.

63Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament, 2:571.

64NET Bible, 30, note no. 7; Sailhamer, 50.

65Matthew Henry's Commentary on the Whole Bible (Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 1991), 10.

66The Wycliffe Bible Commentary, 7.

67Sailhamer, 50, 51.

68Ibid., 55; Henry, 13. See Micah 7:17: "They will lick the dust like a snake, like serpents crawling on the ground," (NET Bible) where God speaks of the defeat of His enemies.

69NET Bible, 131, note no. 6; Sailhamer, 278; Henry, 92; The Wycliffe Bible Commentary, 46; H. C. Leupold, Leupold on the Old Testament. Vol. 2, Exposition of Genesis (Grand Rapids: Baker Book House and The Wartburg Press, 1942), 1188-1189.

70Leupold, 1189.

71Kaiser, 347.

72Currid, 86, 87.

73NET Bible, 155, note no. 19.

74Currid, 87.

75NET Bible, 155, note no. 19.

76Kaiser, 326.

77Ibid.

78Ibid.

79Currid, 94, 108. See Numbers 33:4b: ". . . the Lord also executed judgments on their gods."

80Currid, 96-98.

81Ibid., 93-95, 103, 151; NET Bible, 145, note 18.

82Currid, 85.

83Ibid., 94-95; NET Bible, 155, note 22.

84Currid, 95.

85NET Bible, 145, note 18.

86Currid, 93; Henry 104.

87Currid, 30, 39-40.

88Currid, 85; Henry, 104.

89Currid, 93-94.

90The Zondervan Pictorial Encyclopedia of the Bible, 5:357.

91Ibid., 878; Holman Bible Dictionary, 212; New Unger's Bible Dictionary, 185.

92Allen, 879.

93The New International Dictionary of Biblical Archeology, 409.

94Currid, 145.

95Ibid., 147-148.

96Ibid., 151, 152.

97Ibid., 152-153.

98Ibid., 153.

99Ibid., 148, 149.

100Ibid., 149.

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

Allen, Ronald B. "Numbers." In The Expositor's Bible Commentary. Vol. 2. Ed. Frank E. Gaebelein, 655-1008. Grand Rapids: The Zondervan Corporation, 1990.

Blaiklock, Edward M. and R. K. Harrison, eds. The New International Dictionary of Biblical Archeology. Grand Rapids, MI: The Zondervan Corporation, 1983.

Budge, E. A. Wallis. The Egyptian Book of the Dead. Trans. E. A. Wallis Budge. New York: Dover Publications, Inc., 1967.

Butler, Trent C., ed. Holman Bible Dictionary. Nashville: Holman Bible Publishers, 1991.

Chevalier, Jean and Alain Gheerbrant. The Penguin Dictionary of Symbols. Trans. John Buchanan-Brown. London: Penguin Books Ltd., 1996.

Cooper, J. C. An Illustrated Encyclopedia of Traditional Symbols. London: Thames and Hudson, Ltd, 1978.

Currid, John D. Ancient Egypt and the Old Testament. Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 1997.

Eliade, Ed Mircea, ed. The Encyclopedia of Religion, 16 vols. NY: Macmillan Publishing Co., 1987.

The Encyclopedia Americana International Edition. 30 vols. Danbury, CT: Grolier Inc., 1988.

Encyclopedic Dictionary of Religion. Washington, D.C.: Corpus Publications, 1979.

Harris, R. Laird, ed. Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament. 2 Vols. Chicago: Moody Press, 1980.

Jordan, Michael. Encyclopedia of Gods. NY, NY: Facts On File, Inc., 1993.

Kaiser, Jr., Walter C. "Exodus." In The Expositor's Bible Commentary. Vol. 2. Ed. Frank E. Gaebelein, 287-497. Grand Rapids: The Zondervan Corporation, 1990.

Leupold, H. C.. Leupold on the Old Testament. Vol. 2, Exposition of Genesis. Grand Rapids: Baker Book House and The Wartburg Press, 1942.

Lockyer, Sr., Herbert. ed. Nelson's Illustrated Bible Dictionary. Nashville: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1986.

Matthew Henry's Commentary on the Whole Bible. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers, 1991.

NET Bible. n.p.: Biblical Studies Press, 2001.

Pfeiffer, Charles F. and Everett F. Harrison, eds. The Wycliffe Bible Commentary. Chicago: Moody Press, 1990.

Sailhamer, John H. "Genesis." In The Expositor's Bible Commentary. Vol. 2. Ed. Frank E. Gaebelein, 1-284. Grand Rapids: The Zondervan Corporation, 1990

Strong, James. New Strong's Concordance. Nashville: Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1995.

Tenney, Merrill C., ed. The Zondervan Pictorial Encyclopedia of the Bible. 5 vols. Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, 1975.

Unger, Merrill F. Archaeology and the Old Testament. Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, 1954.

________. The New Unger's Bible Dictionary. Ed. R. K. Harrison. Chicago: Moody Press, 1988.

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