World Views in Contrast



Creation is an illusion & God is the only reality; or creation is an extension of God (pantheism) (Hinduism)

God, or the Absolute, is beyond knowing (Hinduism; Gnosticism)

Reality is and is not (Zen Buddhism)

True Self is an extension of God; individual identity is illusion (Hinduism)

Self is a set of impressions & desires (Zen Buddhism)

All is one force or energy (chi/ki/qi/prana); there are no distinctions (Monism) (Hinduism; Taoism)

Body & Matter/Spirit duality; matter is evil/illusion & spirit must escape or transcend matter; body is tool of or reflects spirit (Gnosticism; Hinduism; Buddhism)

Death is not final; reincarnation & re-absorption into the Godhead (Hinduism; some Buddhism)

The rational mind, as part of matter, is a barrier to enlightenment & must be transcended, usually by meditation (Hinduism; Zen & Tibetan Buddhism)

Enlightenment through meditation, transcending material world, and/or realization of divine nature (Hinduism)

Liberation is following the Noble Eightfold Path & freeing ourselves of all desire (Buddhism)

God created the universe (Gen.1:1; Neh. 9:6; Ps. 102:25; Heb. 11:3)

God is made known through His word & through Christ

Objective reality (Job 12:10,11; Ps. 24:1,2)

Self is real, separate from God (Gen. 1, 2)

Self is unique identity; individual (Ps. 139:13-16; Matt.10:30)

Man is distinct from God and the rest of His creation, made in God's image; no life force (Gen. 1, 2)

God created matter & it was good; the bodies of believers in Christ will be redeemed(Gen. 1 & 2: I Cor. 15:35ff)


Man lives once & dies; afterlife is with or is without God (Heb. 9:27)

God advises using rational thinking, reason & order (Is.1:18; Matt.22:37; Rom. 12:3; I Cor. 14; Phil. 4:8)

Salvation only through Christ (Jn. 14:6; Acts 4:12)

It is right to desire God/Christ (Is. 55:6; Jn. 14:6; Acts 17:12)

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